Hand knotted Persian rugs are very distinctive. You really do not have to be a professional to know the difference between a machine-made rug and a handmade one: But you do have to know the basics! Just to give you an idea of the kind of work that goes into a handmade rug (and therefore why they are so expensive in comparison) – An eight foot by ten-foot rug can take a minimum of seven months to make and anywhere up to eighteen months: A lot depends on the how complicated the design is. Persian rugs (Iranian rugs) tend to have more traditional and so complicated designs, which can make them come out on the expensive side compared to the many modern “patterned” styles that are popular these days. Wool and silk are the most common materials used, although some companies are blending other natural materials such as cotton.
No 1 – Know the Difference Between Hand-Knotted and Hand Tufted!
An original hand knotted rug is created by a specialised weaver and will take many months to create. These truly are the cream of the crop when it comes to Persian Rugs. Unlike Hand Tufted rugs every single thread is individually knotted by hand. Hand tufted rugs are very different. The threads here are glued to a backing and then a special tool is used to punch the thread through the backing, thus hiding the glue which is holding it together. This requires very little skill as they are usually following a stencil. For this reason, the tufted rug will be significantly cheaper than tufted rugs.
Does it Have a Fringe?
Hand knotted Persian rugs invariably have a fringe due to the production process. If the seller is telling you that this is indeed an original hand knotted rug and yet there is not a fringe, chances are, he is not be totally honest with you!
You might think a knot is a knot but realistically there are three different kinds of knot used. The “original” Persian knot is generally uneven and fits tightly with the next. Turkish knots tend to be far bulkier and leave small gaps between. Persian knots are generally used to create much more intricate designs. The Persian knot (Senneh Knot) is used throughout China, India, Tibet, Pakistan, Afghanistan and of course Iran.
The Turkish knot is known as the Ghiordes Knot. This knot tends to be very symmetrical and even and can be easily identified by the bumps it creates on the back of the rug. The Ghiordes Knot is used in Northern Iran as well Armenia, Turkey and Azerbaijan.
These knots wrap several threads together which saves a lot of time but does not produce the same detail as Persian and Turkish knots. Therefore, they are so much cheaper – Unquestionably, they lack the quality and finishing produced by the Ghiordes and Senneh knot.
There are several things to consider when buying an authentic hand knotted Persian rugs. The materials of course, but with regards to craftsmanship, the original Senneh Knot is undoubtedly the cream of the crop.